- INTESTINAL ACANTHOCEPHALIDS, SEA OTTER
- Armed Forces Institute of Pathology
- Acanthacephalans are common parasites of crustaceans, and as a result, of sea otters as well. Two genera, Two species, Corynosoma enhydri and Proficollis sp. (intermediate host is the crab) are commonly found. the intermediate host for Corynosoma is not determined. Perforation of the intestinal or gallbladder wall (and extraintestinal migration) has ben the cause of death in up to 15% of stranded otters.